The rumor had been played for several hours and is now official. The Government of Donald Trump has initiated the formal process for the United States to withdraw from the Paris Agreement , a process that will take a year and will be effective just the day after the 2020 presidential election. That is, this movement is a clear one. electoral strategy since it will serve for Trump to use it as an “achievement” or “promise” of his government.
On Monday, the United States Government sent a letter to the United Nations formally requesting its exit from the Paris Agreement against climate change. An objective that Trump has been pursuing for more than two years and that he is now finally in a position to request as the Agreement puts it as a requirement for member countries.
The exit will be effective the day after the presidential elections of 2020 After several negotiations in 2015 by the United States and China, on November 4, 2016, the Paris Agreement entered into force, where almost 200 countries set their own objectives to reduce or control pollution caused by greenhouse gases.
The terms of the Agreement indicated that no country could withdraw during the first three years, so the United States Government waited until today to request its exit, when exactly three years after the Agreement enters into force.
Another of the terms of the Agreement indicates that the exit will take effect one year after the request, so it will be effective the day after the 2020 presidential elections. If Trump is not a winner in the elections, the new president could request re-participating in the Agreement 30 days after departure.
Today, the United States is the second most polluted country in the world, only behind China, and its participation in this Agreement was key in positioning itself as a leader in measures against climate change. Now that the United States is out, China has everything to keep that leadership and gain a new position as a global economy.
The exit of the Paris Agreement does not entail any sanction, in fact the current members are not obliged to anything, not even of an economic nature, so everything is based on promises and good intentions. However, leaving the United States does place it as “an economic loss, a shame and a blow to the reputation for the leadership of the United States,” according to Jake Jacoby, MIT economist and co-founder of the MIT Joint Program on Science and Global Change Policy.
James Dewey, a spokesman for the State Department, set the position of his government without offering many details:
“The position of the United States with respect to the Paris Agreement has not changed. The United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement.”
Trump promised to withdraw from the Paris Agreement since 2017, this on the grounds that it is “a massive transfer of wealth from the United States to other nations”, this despite the fact that there is no economic obligation for participating countries and all It is done voluntarily.
Although the United States is no longer part of the Paris Agreement, it may continue to participate as an observer in international negotiations on climate change , although now it will have no obligation or commitment to the agreements reached.